EU Strategy on Mercury

of the Zero Mercury Working Group.
AMICA, MERCURIADOS and AIOB are members of the World Alliance for Mercury-Free Dentistry
World Alliance for Mercury-Free Dentistry
316 F St. NE, Suite 210, Washington DC 20002 USA
Telephone (1) 202-544-6333    Fax 202-544-6331



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  2. Max Daunderer, Handbuch der Amalgam Vergiftung, Ecomed, 2000; download at the link:
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  11. Herrmann M, Schweinsberg F, Biomonitoring for the evaluation of a mercury burden from amalgam fillings. Mercury determination in urine before and after oral doses of 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid (DMPS) and in hair], Zentralbl Hyg Umweltmed 194(3):271-291 (1993).
  12. Zander, D; Ewers U, Freier I, Brockhaus A, Studies on Human Exposure to Mercury. III: DMPS Induced Mobilization of Mercury in Subjects With and Without Amalgam Fillings. Zentrablatt Fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, 192:5, Feb 1992, p447-54.
  13. The full text of the law is here:
  14. Drasch G, Aigner S, Roider G, Staiger F, Lipowsky G. Mercury in human colostrum and early breast milk. Its dependence on dental amalgam and other factors. J Trace Elem Med Biol 1998;12:23-27.
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  23. European Parliament resolution of 4 September 2008 on the mid-term review of the European Environment and Health Action Plan 2004-2010 (2007/2252(INI)):
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  26. Olivieri G, Brack C, Muller-Spahn F, Stahelin HB, Herrmann M, Renard P, Brockhaus M, Hock C: Mercury induces cell cytotoxicity and oxidative stress and increases beta-amyloid secretion and tau phosphorylation in SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells. J Neurochem 2000;74:231-236.
  27. Olivieri G et al., The effects of beta-estradiol on SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells during heavy metal induced oxidative stress, neurotoxicity and beta-amyloid secretion. Neuroscience 2002;113:849-55.
  28. Steven C. Rowat, Integrated Defense System Overlaps as a Disease Model: With Examples for Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Reviews in Environmental Health, 1998, Environmental Health Perspectives 106, Supplement 1, February 1998:
  29. Vera Stejskal, PhD., et al., Metal-specific lymphocytes: biomarkers of sensitivity in man, Neuroendocrinology Letters 1999; 20:289-298.
  30. Martin Pall, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: Toxicological Questions and Mechanisms, in “General and Applied Toxicology, 3rd Edition” (John Wiley & Sons)”.
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  33. Vera Stejskal and others, Diagnosis and treatment of metal-induced side-effects, Neuroendocrinol Lett 2006; 27(Suppl 1): –16.
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  35. Pendergrass, JC; Haley, BE; Vimy, MJ; Winfield, SA; Lorscheider, FL. Mercury Vapor Inhalation Inhibits Binding of GTP to Tubulin in Rat Brain: Similarity to a Molecular Lesion in Alzheimer Diseased Brain. Neurotoxicology, 18(2):315-324, 1997.
  36. Pendergrass, J.C. and Haley, B.E.  Inhibition of Brain Tubulin-Guanosine 5’-Triphosphate Interactions by Mercury: Similarity to Observations in Alzheimer’s Diseased Brain.  In Metal Ions in Biological Systems V34, pp 461-478. Mercury and Its Effects on Environment and Biology, Chapter 16.  Edited by H. Sigel and A. Sigel.  Marcel Dekker, Inc. 270 Madison Ave., N.Y., N.Y.  10016 (1996).
  37. David, S., Shoemaker, M., and Haley, B.  Abnormal Properties of Creatine kinase in Alzheimer’s Diseased Brain:  Correlation of Reduced Enzyme Activity and Active Site Photolabeling with Aberrant Cytosol-Membrane Partitioning.  Molecular Brain Research 54, 276-287 (1998).
  38. Wang J, Liu Z. [In vitro Study of Strepcoccus Mutans in the Plaque on the Surface of Amalgam Fillings on the Convertion of Inorganic Mercury to Organic Mercury]. Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue 2000;9:70-72.
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  42. Kostenko, I.V. et al.: Mercury levels in the hair of dentists as an index of occupational exposure. Gig Tr Prof zabol 3, 44 (1982) (Rus)’.
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  49. Bittner AC Jr, Echeverria D, Woods JS, Aposhian HV, Naleway C, Martin MD, Mahurin RK, Heyer NJ, Cianciola M. Behavioral effects of low-level exposure to Hg0 among dental professionals: a cross-study evaluation of psychomotor effects. Neurotoxicol Teratol 1998;20:429-439.
  50. Echeverria D, Heyer NJ, Martin MD, Naleway CA, Woods JS, Bittner AC Jr. Behavioral effects of low-level exposure to elemental Hg among dentists. Neurotoxicol Teratol 1995;17:161-168.
  51. Aydin N, Karaoglanoglu S, Yigit A, Keles MS, Kirpinar I, Seven N. Neuropsychological effects of low mercury exposure in dental staff in Erzurum, Turkey. Int Dent J 2003;53:85-91.
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